Hydroxylation of methylated CpG dinucleotides reverses stabilisation of DNA duplexes by cytosine 5-methylation
5325-5327, 2011.Chem. Commun. 47,
Cytosine-5-methylation stabilises DNA duplexes and is associated with transcriptional repression; 5-methylcytosine undergoes hydroxylation to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine, a modification of unknown biological function. Spectroscopic and calorimetric analyses show that 5-hydroxymethylcytosine introduction reverses the stabilising effect of 5-methylcytosine, suggesting that in some contexts, 5-methylcytosine hydroxylation may, along with other factors, contribute to the alleviation of transcriptional repression.